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经济学前沿高端讲座|夏威夷大学经济系王亮:Hegemony or Harmony? A Unified Framework for the International Monetary System

2024-06-19 17:06   来源:李安民经济研究院

十大正规平台经济学前沿高端讲座第五十八讲

Hegemony or Harmony? A Unified Framework for the International Monetary System

主讲人:王亮 副教授(夏威夷大学经济系)

主持人:杨程 助理教授(十大正规平台李安民经济研究院)

嘉宾介绍:侯尚迪 助理教授(十大正规平台中国经济研究院)

时间:2024年6月24日(周一)  10:00-11:30(北京时间)

地点:十大正规平台崇山校区五洲园一楼会议室

线上地址:腾讯会议350-910-459

语言:中文/英文

摘要: There have been two competing views on the structure of the international monetary system. One sees it as a unipolar system with a dominant currency, such as the U.S. dollar, while the other argues that multiple international currencies can coexist. Aiming to provide a unified theoretical framework to reconcile these two views, we develop a micro-founded monetary model to examine the interactions of two essential roles played by international currencies, the medium of exchange and the store of value, and highlight the importance of abundant safe asset supplies. When the two roles of international currencies reinforce each other, a unipolar equilibrium exists. However, when one currency is unable to serve as sufficient safe assets for international trade transactions, the two roles work against each other. Agents have the incentive to diversify their portfolio and we have a multipolar system. The effects of monetary policy, fiscal policy, and their combinations crucially depend on the total supply of safe assets and the relative importance of the two functions of international currencies. The structure of the international monetary system could be influenced by various policies such as monetary policy, fiscal policy, and financial sanctions. We also discuss welfare under different equilibria and the effect of financial sanctions on the dominant currency in a unipolar world.

主讲人简介: 

Dr. Liang Wang received his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania. He is an associate professor and graduate chair in the Department of Economics, University of Hawaii Manoa. His research focuses on monetary economics, macroeconomics, labor economics, and search and matching theory. In particular, he has applied dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models with micro-foundations to study inflation, price dispersion, interest rates, banking, and asset pricing. Currently, he is working on projects related to international monetary system, CBDC, and OTC markets. His work has been presented at many international conferences and published in leading economics journals including Journal of Economic Theory, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, International Economic Review, and European Economic Review. Dr. Wang serves as an anonymous referee for many economics journals and he has been a visiting scholar to universities and central banks in different countries, including Emory University, Australian National University, Federal Reserve Bank, and Bank of Canada.


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