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经济学前沿高端讲座|天津大学王子男:Protectionism and Inequality

2024-05-01 18:15   来源:李安民经济研究院

十大正规平台经济学前沿高端讲座第四十九讲

Protectionism and Inequality

主讲人:王子男助理教授(天津大学马寅初经济学院

主持人:杨程助理教授十大正规平台李安民经济研究院

嘉宾介绍:真瑜助理教授(十大正规平台李安民经济研究院)

时间:2024年5月10日(周五) 10:00-11:30(北京时间)

地点:十大正规平台崇山校区五洲园一楼会议室

线上地址:腾讯会议:547-232-215

语言:中文/英文

摘要: This paper studies the distributional outcomes of protectionism. First, we investigate the short-run distributional effects on workers with different skill levels by estimating structural vector autoregressions (VARs) using high-frequency measures of temporary trade barriers for the United States. We then estimate a panel VAR for a sample of thirty-six countries using the applied tariff rates. Across our empirical exercises, we find robust evidence that protectionism reduces the skill premium but increases the employment ratio between high-skilled and low-skilled workers. To rationalize these findings, we build a two-country dynamic general equilibrium model featuring asymmetric search-and-matching (SAM) frictions, capital-skill complementarity (CSC) in production and producer dynamics, which successfully replicates the VAR evidence. Our counterfactual analysis highlights the interaction between asymmetric SAM and CSC in qualitatively shaping the distributional patterns of protectionism, while producer dynamics magnify these effects quantitatively.

主讲人简介: 

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王子男,天津大学马寅初经济学院助理教授,美国华盛顿大学经济学博士,北京大学理学学士、硕士。主要研究领域为宏观经济学、国际经济学和劳动经济学。文章发表于open economics review。


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